Dictionary

Martial Arts  Dictionary…
Not sure what Sensei is saying? Find it here.
Martial Arts Terminology  Japanese to English
A
Age Rising
Age tsuki Rising punch
Age uke Rising block
Aka Red
Ashi Foot/leg
b
Bunkai Application of form/kata
Bushi Warrior class of Japan
Bushido Way of the warrior
Bujutsu Fighting arts of the warrior class of Japan
c
Choku tsuki Straight punch
Chudan Middle (of body, i.e. torso)
d
Dachi Stance
Dan Rank of black belt; 1st dan is the lowest, 10th the highest
Do The way
Dojo Exercise hall, the place where one practices the martial arts
e
Empi Elbow
Empi uchi Elbow strike
Empi uke Elbow block
f
Fumikomi Stamping kick
Funakoshi, Gichin Father of Japanese Karate
g
Gedan Lower, waist or below
Gedan barai Low block
Gedan juji uke Lower X-block
Gedan shuto uke Lower knife-hand block
Geri Kick
Gi Uniform for practicing martial arts
Go Five
Gyaku Reverse, reversal
Gyaku tsuki Reverse punch (opposite hand and leg)
h
Hachi Eight.
Hachiji dachi Open leg stance
Hadari Left
Haitto Ridge hand (first knuckle of thumb and side of hand)
Haitto uchi Ridge hand strike
Hajimae Begin
Herajika-San Moose Mountain
Hidari Left (side)
Hittsui Knee
Hittsui geri Knee strike (upward, side)
i
Ichi or Sho One.
Ippon Full point in a contest
Ippon kumite One step sparring
j
Jiyu kumite Free sparring
Jodan Upper, shoulders or above
Jodan juji uke High X-block
Joseke Upper seat
Ju Ten.
Ju-ichi Eleven.
Juji Cross. Juji    gatame, juji    uke
Juji uke X-block
k
Kagi tsuki Hook punch
Kakiwake uke Pushing through block
Kamae Literally, “fortress”; protection provided the back hand
Kara Empty
Karate A martial arts style    featuring strikes
Literally, “empty    hand”
Kata Stylized form, pre-arranged techniques simulating an imaginary fight
Katana Long sword
Ki Vital energy.
Kiai Shout or yell with vital energy (ki)
Kiba dachi Horse stance
Kime Focus
Kokutsu dachi Back stance
Ku Nine.
Kumite Sparring
Kyu Grade under black belt; 10th kyu is the lowest and 1st the highest.
l
m
Mae Front
Mae geri Front kick
Mae geri keage Front snap kick
Mae geri kekomi Front thrust kick
Mae tobi geri Jump front kick
Makiwara Punching board
Matae Stop
Mawashi geri Roundhouse kick
Mawashi tsuki Roundhouse punch
Migi Right (side)
Mikazuki Crescent
Mikazuki geri Crescent kick
Mikazuki geri uke Crescent kick block
Morote Two arm or two hand
Morote tsuki Double forward fist    strike
Morote uke Double forearm block
Mudansha Non black belt holder
n
Nagashi uke Flowing block
Necho Cat
Necho ashi dachi Cat stance
Ni Two.
Nidan geri Double jump kick
Ni-ju Twenty.
Ni-ju-ichi Twenty one.
Nukite Spear hand
o
Obi Belt
Ohtsuka, Hinori 10th dan; founder of Wado Kai Karate
Oi tsuki Forward lunge punch (same    side hand and leg)
Okuri ashi barai Foot sweep
p
q
r
Randori Free practice (judo    sparring)
Rei Bow
Roku Six.
Ryu Style of school or martial    art
s
San Three.
Sanchin dachi Hourglass stance (derived from Sanchin kata)
San-ju Thirty
Seiza Sitting position
Sempai Senior
Sensei Teacher
Shi Four.
Shichi Seven.
Shihan Master instructor (4th-5th Dan)
Shintani, Masaru 9th dan; direct student of    Sensei Ohtsuka and former president of SWKKF
Shiro White
Shotei Palm heel strike (also may    use as block)
Shuto Knife-edge hand    (little-finger side of palm)
Shuto uchi Knife hand strike
Shuto uke Knife hand block
Soto ude uke Outside forearm block
t
Tate tsuki Vertical punch
Te Hand. See also Karate
Teisho Palm heel
Teisho tsuki Palm heel punch
Teisho uchi Palm heel strike
Teisho uke Palm heel block
Tettsui Hammer fist; downward    strike with closed fist, little finger side as the striking surface
Te-waza Hand techniques
Tori Defender, demonstrator of    technique; or, pull
Tsuki Punch; knuckle strike with    first two knuckles only
Tsuki waza Punching techniques
u
Uchi Inner; or, Strike.
Uchi waza Striking techniques
Ude Forearm
Ude uki Forearm block
Uke Block (Age    uke); or, Attacker, on whom techniques are practiced
Uraken uchi Back fist strike
Ushiro Rear
Ushiro geri Back kick
v
w
Waza Technique
x
y
Yoi Ready
Yoko Side
Yoko geri Side kick
Yudansha One who is a black belt
z
Zazen Sitting meditation
Zen 1. Buddhist sect
2. Religious meditation
Zenkutzo dachi Front stance
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